These unprotected nongame birds are found at desert and submontane elevations. Their population trend is stable. Semi-wild flocks occur in city streets or around farms, and a domesticated variety is popular with pigeon fanciers. Roots, stems, and leaves are used to create nests that are located on buildings, ledges, cliffs, or in trees. Three to six broods are raised each year between spring and fall. Eggs incubate for 16-19 days and the young fledge in another 25-26 days. Doves feed during the day on grains, small seeds, and fruit.