These nongame birds inhabit desert and submontane elevations with scattered trees. They nest in deciduous, isolated woodlands along the lower valley streams. Nests are bulky, twiggy, neatly-lined saucers which are built in shrubs, trees, or man-made structures. Nesting occurs in May and Aune. Occasionally, two broods will be raised. Incubation by the female requires 12-14 days. The young fledge in another 16-17 days. Kingbirds feed primarily on flying insects. The population trend is stable.