These game birds inhabit cold desert areas. They feed on seeds, grain, vegetation, and insects. Territories are established after pair-bonding in late winter or early spring. Nests are placed in desert vegetation, usually beginning in April, and the eggs hatch after a 21-24 day incubation period. A 10 day nesting period follows. Winter is a crucial period when water and vegetation become scarce. The population trend of Gambel’s quail is decreasing.